Superb Lyrebird

Did you know?

About 80% of the Superb Lyrebird's song consists of expert mimicry, with both natural and mechanical sounds imitated and joined together in a rousing medley. Sounds can include anything heard in the bird's immediate surroundings, such as chainsaws, car engines, dog barks and local native birds.

Calls
Mimicked calls: chainsaws, car engines, dog barks and local native birds. Other calls: a series of whistles and cackling notes that are used as territorial calls, as well as a loud alarm shriek.
Facts and Figures
Research Species: 
No
Minimum Size: 
80cm
Maximum Size: 
100cm
Average size: 
90cm
Average weight: 
975g
Breeding season: 
April to October (slightly shorter in north of range)
Conservation Status
Federal: 
NSW: 
TAS: 
VIC: 
Basic Information
Scientific Name: 
Atlas Number: 
350
What does it look like?
Description: 

The Superb Lyrebird looks like a large brown pheasant. The wings are rufous in colour and the bill, legs and feet are black. The adult male has an ornate tail, with special curved feathers that, in display, assume the shape of a lyre. The tails of females and young males are long, but lack the specialised feather. Females are smaller than males.

Similar species: 

One other lyrebird found in Australia is Albert's Lyrebird, M. alberti, which is restricted to an area around the Border Ranges, on the Queensland-New South Wales border. This bird is redder in colour and the male's tail is less elaborate.

Where does it live?
Distribution: 

The Superb Lyrebird occurs in the south-eastern Australian mainland and southern Tasmania.

Habitat: 

It is a ground-dwelling species in moist forests, but roosts in trees at night. Birds are sedentary, rarely moving large distances and generally staying in a home-range about 10 km in diameter.

Seasonal movements: 

Sedentary.

What does it do?
Feeding: 

Superb Lyrebirds feed on insects, spiders, worms and, occasionally, seeds. It finds food by scratching with its feet through the leaf-litter. Birds tend to forage alone, but females and young males may be seen feeding together.

Breeding: 

The male secures a territory, attracting potential mates by singing and dancing on one of several mounds within it, while throwing the tail forward over the body and shaking it in display. The male will mate with several females. The female alone builds the nest, incubates the eggs and cares for the young.

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