Great Cormorant

Did you know?

The Great Cormorant is the largest of the Australian cormorants and is one of the largest in the world.

Facts and Figures
Research Species: 
No
Minimum Size: 
70cm
Maximum Size: 
90cm
Average size: 
80cm
Breeding season: 
August to January
Clutch Size: 
3 to 4
Conservation Status
Federal: 
NSW: 
NT: 
QLD: 
SA: 
TAS: 
VIC: 
WA: 
Basic Information
Scientific Name: 
Featured bird groups: 
Atlas Number: 
96
What does it look like?
Description: 

The Great Cormorant is almost entirely black in plumage, apart from a white and yellow chin and a small white patch on each thigh (absent in winter). The bill is grey and the legs and feet are black. Young birds resemble the adults but are more dusky-brown.

Similar species: 

The Great Cormorant can be distinguished from the noticeably smaller (58 cm - 63 cm) Little Black Cormorant, P. sulcirostris, which is completely black and has a thinner bill.

Where does it live?
Distribution: 

Great Cormorants are probably the most widespread member of the cormorant family with a range that includes North America, Europe, Africa, China, India, Southeast Asia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea and Australia. It occurs throughout most of Australia but is more numerous in the south-east and south-west.

Habitat: 

In spite of its preference for extensive areas of permanent freshwater, the Great Cormorant is not confined to these and is often observed on coastal inlets and estuaries.

Seasonal movements: 

What does it do?
Feeding: 

Like other cormorants, the Great Cormorant feeds mainly on fish, supplemented in freshwater by crustaceans, various aquatic insects and frogs. The Great Cormorant is an excellent swimmer and captures its food in shallow underwater dives, normally lasting up to one minute. Underwater, it swims and pursues prey using its feet but not its wings. Outside of the breeding season small groups are formed although birds are often seen fishing alone.

Breeding: 

Great Cormorants are sociable birds and around breeding time they form colonies of about 2 000 birds, with colonies of up to 20 000 birds being reported. Breeding can occur at any time depending on food supply. Both sexes build the nest, which is a large structure of sticks placed in a low tree or on the ground. Both parents also incubate the eggs and care for the young.

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