Spotted Pardalote

Did you know?

The Spotted Pardalote is sometimes known as the "Headache Bird" because of the continuous "sleep-may-be" call it gives during the breeding season.

Calls
Repeated three-note whistle, the second two notes higher than the first.
Facts and Figures
Research Species: 
No
Minimum Size: 
8cm
Maximum Size: 
10cm
Average size: 
9cm
Average weight: 
8g
Breeding season: 
June to January
Clutch Size: 
Four.
Incubation: 
19 days
Nestling Period: 
21 days
Conservation Status
Federal: 
NSW: 
QLD: 
SA: 
TAS: 
VIC: 
WA: 
Associated Plants
Plants associated with this species
Basic Information
Scientific Name: 
Atlas Number: 
565
What does it look like?
Description: 

The Spotted Pardalote is a tiny bird that is most often high in a eucalypt canopy, so it is more often detected by its characteristic call. The wings, tail and head of the male are black and covered with small, distinct white spots. Males have a pale eyebrow, a yellow throat and a red rump. Females are similar but have less-distinct markings.

Similar species: 

The related Striated PardaloteP. striatus, has a striped head rather than spotted, and lacks the spotting on the wings and has a plainer back.

Where does it live?
Distribution: 

The Spotted Pardalote is found in eastern and southern Australia from Cooktown in Queensland through to Perth in Western Australia. It occurs in coastal areas, extending to the western slopes of the Great Dividing Range in the east.

Habitat: 

The Spotted Pardalote is mostly found in eucalypt forests and woodlands but occurs in parks and gardens with well-established eucalypt canopy.

Seasonal movements: 

Largely sedentary, but may undergo local seasonal movements away from higher elevations in autumn/winter.

What does it do?
Feeding: 

The Spotted Pardalote forages on the foliage of trees for insects, especially psyllids, and sugary exudates from leaves and psyllids.

Breeding: 

The Spotted Pardalote's nest is an enlarged, lined chamber at the end of narrow tunnel, excavated in an earth bank. Sometimes they nest in tree hollows and occasionally in artificial structures. Both parents share nest-building, incubation of the eggs and feeding of the young when they hatch.

Living with us

The Spotted Pardalote remains relatively common in urban areas that have a high density of eucalypts. Nests have sometimes been found in carpet rolls and garage roll-a-doors.

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